Self-employed NIC charges

There are two types of National Insurance contributions (NICs) payable by the self-employed. These are known as Class 2 NICs and Class 4 NICs.

Class 2 NICs are paid by all self-employed taxpayers unless they earn under the Small Profits Threshold (SPT), currently £6,515, which remove the necessity to pay NICs. Class 2 NICs are currently payable at a flat weekly rate of £3.05 for the current 2021-22 tax year. Class 2 NICs count towards payments such as the basic State Pension, the employment and support allowance, maternity allowance and bereavement benefits.

The self-employed are required to pay Class 4 NICs (as well as to Class 2 NICs) if their profits are £9,569 or more a year. Class 4 NIC rates for the tax year 2021-22 are 9% for chargeable profits between £9,569 and £50,270 plus 2% on any profits over £50,270.

There is a specific list of jobs where class 2 NICs are not payable. These are:

  • examiners, moderators, invigilators and people who set exam questions
  • people who run businesses involving land or property
  • ministers of religion who do not receive a salary or stipend
  • people who make investments for themselves or others – but not as a business and without getting a fee or commission

If you fall within any of these categories it can be beneficial to get a State Pension forecast and examine whether voluntary Class 2 NICs should be made to make up missing years contributions.

FROM LITTLE ACORNS

TO MIGHTY OAKS

Shaking The Money Tree

Relax… this book is unique, coming with access to help from a professional accountant who specialises in helping make businesses like yours more successful, more profitable and more enjoyable to run.